Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the endometrium. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus, a hollow, muscular organ in a woman's pelvis. The uterus is where a fetus grows; it consists of three layers:
In most non-pregnant women, the uterus is about 3 inches long. The lower, narrow end of the uterus is the cervix, which leads to the vagina. Cancer of the endometrium is a different type of cancer than the muscle layer of the uterus, which is called a sarcoma or "leiomyosarcoma" of the uterus. Most endometrial cancers begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.
Risk factors for endometrial cancer can include:
The signs and symptoms for endometrial cancer can include:
Learn details about how we diagnose endometrial cancer.
Treatment options include:
Learn details about how we treat endometrial cancer.
Your prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
Next: How We Diagnose Endometrial Cancer
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