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Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell cancer (RCC), is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tiny tubes (tubules) or tissues of the kidneys. Kidney cancer generally grows as one tumor within the kidney; however, a kidney may contain more than one tumor, or tumors may be found in both kidneys. Another form of kidney cancer is Wilms' tumor, a pediatric cancer that accounts for 95 percent of childhood kidney cancer cases.
Risk factors for kidney cancer may include:
Symptoms may not appear during the early stages of kidney cancer, but rather as the tumor starts to grow. Signs and symptoms of kidney cancer vary from person to person, but the most common sign is blood in the urine (hematuria). However, blood in the urine may be caused by a number of conditions, and does not necessarily mean cancer.
Common kidney cancer signs and symptoms may include:
To diagnose kidney cancer or see if the cancer has spread, these tests may be performed:
Learn details about how we diagnose kidney cancer.
Treatment options for kidney cancer depend on the stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's general health. Common treatment options include:
Learn details about how we treat kidney cancer.
The chance of recovery (prognosis) depends on the stage of the disease, as well as the patient's age and health.
Find out more about kidney cancer from the National Cancer Institute.
Next: How We Diagnose Kidney Cancer