Graft-versus-Host-Disease Clinical Trials

Showing 1-7 of 7 items
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  • A Pilot Study of Alpha-1-Antitrypsin (AAT) in Steroid Refractory Acute Graft vs Host Disease
  • This clinical trial will study the safety and efficacy of using the drug Zemaira, an Alpha 1-Antitrypsin (AAT) medication (also known as an Alpha1-Proteinase Inhibitor [Human]) for the treatment of steroid refractory GVHD. For bone marrow transplant patients, the most common, serious complication is Graft vs Host Disease (GVHD), which at its most severe is a life-threatening, complication and a significant cause of treatment related death, following stem cell transplantation. GVHD is a major obstacle to the overall success of transplant treatment, a strategy that would otherwise provide the possibility of a cure for patients with blood cancers or severe blood disorders. GVHD primarily affects the skin, gut, and liver of the recipient, and involves the interaction of the recipient's (the host's) cells and tissues with the donor's immune system cells that see the host tissues as foreign, and attack the host's cells resulting in tissue and organ damage. The severity of acute GvHD ranges from mild to severe, and for patients who don't respond to steroid therapy, the complication is nearly always fatal, either from organ damage or opportunistic infection as a consequence of high dose, steroid treatments. There is currently no known effective therapy for patients with acute graft vs host disease that's refractory (nonresponsive) to steroid therapy. As stated earlier,the overwhelming majority of these patients may ultimately die from infection. The incidence of acute GvHD that requires intervention, is higher for unrelated donor transplants, the most common treatment option available, and therefore, these patients are at higher risk for treatment related complications from GVHD. Approximately 20,000 unrelated donor transplants are performed each year. The magnitude of this problem then is significant for patients who otherwise might be cured of their blood cancer or disease.
  • Diagnoses: Graft-versus-Host-Disease
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Brentuximab Vedotin for Steroid Refractory GvHD
  • This research study is a Phase I clinical trial. Phase I clinical trials test the safety of an investigational drug. Phase I studies also try to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drug to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that research doctors are trying to find out more about it. It also means that the FDA has not approved brentuximab vedotin for the treatment of GVHD. Currently, corticosteroids are the standard/first line of treatment for people with GVHD. However, some patients do not achieve a good response with steroids and other experience flare-ups while tapering steroid treatment. Corticosteroid treatment has also led to a weakening of the immune system. For this reason, there have been increased attempts by researchers to find other options for the treatment of Graft vs. Host Disease. Brentuximab vedotin is a drug that is FDA approved for the treatment of certain types of cancers, like Hodgkin's lymphoma. Recent research studies have found increased levels of protein called CD30 in people with acute GVHD. Brentuximab vedotin is designed to target CD30. Researchers have never tried to target the CD30 molecule for the treatment of GVHD, but results from other research studies show that it could help slow the growth of your disease. In this research study, we are trying to determine the safest dose of brentuximab vedotin that can be given to patients with GVHD.
  • Diagnoses: Graft-versus-Host-Disease
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • Trial of Regulatory T-cells Plus Low-Dose Interleukin-2 for Steroid-Refractory Chronic Graft-versus-Host-Disease
  • This research study is a Phase I clinical trial, which tests the safety of an investigational combination of IL-2 plus donor anti-inflammatory Treg cells and also tries to define the appropriate dose of the investigational combination of IL-2 plus donor anti-inflammatory Treg cells to use for further studies. IL-2 is involved with cell signaling and regulation of white blood cells (WBCs). WBCs are part of the immune system. Treg cells are also part of the immune system; they are involved with anti-inflammatory responses. "Investigational" means that the combination of IL-2 and anti-inflammatory Treg cell infusion is being studied. It also means that the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved the combination of IL-2 and anti-inflammatory Treg cell infusion for use in people with cGVHD. Chronic GVHD is a medical condition that may occur after you have received your bone marrow, stem cell or cord blood transplant from a donor. The donor's immune system may recognize your body (the host) as foreign and attempt to 'reject' it. This process is known as graft-versus-host disease. Traditional standard therapy to treat cGVHD is prednisone (steroids). Participants on this trial have not responded to steroid therapy. The investigators are looking to assess the safety and optimal dose for the combination of IL-2 plus donor anti-inflammatory Treg cells, that may help control cGVHD by stopping the donor's immune system from 'rejecting' your body.
  • Diagnoses: Graft-versus-Host-Disease
  • Status: Recruiting
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  • A Phase I Study of Abatacept in the Treatment of Patients With Steroid Refractory Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease (cGVHD)
  • The participant is invited to take part in this study because they have chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGVHD) that is not responding to standard treatment with steroids. This research study is a way of gaining new knowledge about the treatment of patients with cGVHD. This research study is evaluating a drug called abatacept. Abatacept is a drug that alters and suppresses the immune system. Abatacept is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of moderate to severe active rheumatoid arthritis in adults and of severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in patients who have failed prior therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). These are autoimmune conditions, ie caused by an overactive immune system that attacks normal tissues and organs. It is currently being tested in a variety of other autoimmune conditions. In this case it is considered experimental. cGVHD is caused by the donor cells attacking various organs of the recipient. The investigators try to minimize this immune attack by using corticosteroids such as prednisone. In severe cases prednisone is not sufficient and other immunosuppressive medications are used in addition in order to more efficiently control cGVHD and to limit the dose and consequently the multiple side-effects of corticosteroids. This study is being done to determine if the use of abatacept is safe in patients with cGVHD and if it can facilitate a better control of cGVHD. During this study the participants will be evaluated for side effects from the treatment with abatacept, and for response of the cGVHD to the treatment. There will be two groups of participants in the study. The first group will be treated at a relatively low dose of abatacept. If this is found to be safe then the second group will be treated at a higher dose. Three to four tablespoons of blood will be drawn at every 2 week visit in order to determine your blood counts, kidney and liver function. Some of the blood will be used in a research lab in order to study measures of your immune system and how they might be affected by the treatment.
  • Diagnoses: Graft-versus-Host-Disease
  • Status: Recruiting
Showing 1-7 of 7 items
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