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What is Craniopharyngioma?

  • Craniopharyngioma is a type of childhood brain tumor.

    • Craniopharyngioma develops in the area of the brain called the pituitary gland, which secretes various hormones into the bloodstream. 
    • Craniopharyngioma grows from cells that in the developing embryo had helped to form the normal pituitary gland. 
    • Children with craniopharyngioma may experience hormone dysfunction or vision problems.
    • Craniopharyngiomas can vary in size and may have cysts (fluid filled sacs). The cysts can become very large and occasionally extend into both sides of the brain. Craniopharyngiomas may also have calcium deposits within them.

    Craniopharyngioma Treatment at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's

    Children with craniopharygioma are treated through the Brain Tumor Center at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, a world-renowned destination for children with malignant and non-malignant brain and spinal cord tumors. Our brain tumor specialists have extensive expertise in treating all types of neural tumors, including craniopharyngiomas. Our patients receive care from neuro-oncologists, neurosurgeons, neurologists and pediatric subspecialists.

    Learn More

    Find in-depth information on craniopharyngioma on the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's website, including details on craniopharyngioma symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and research.