CAPOX, Bevacizumab and Trastuzumab for Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer

Status: Recruiting
Phase: Phase 2
Diagnosis: Esophageal Cancer, Gastrointestinal Malignancies, Stomach Cancer
NCT ID: NCT01191697 (View complete trial on
DFCI Protocol ID: 09-457


The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a combination of chemotherapy, capecitabine and oxaliplatin, plus the antibodies bevacizumab and trastuzumab. Trastuzumab (also called Herceptin) is an antibody that attacks HER2 protein in tumor cells. Bevacizumab (also called Avastin) works by slowing or stopping the growth of cells in cancer tumors by decreasing the blood supply of the tumors. If blood supply is decreased, oxygen and nutrients that are needed for tumor growth are decreased. The chemotherapy used in this trial is called CAPOX, which is an abbreviation of capecitabine and oxaliplatin.


Conducting Institutions:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital

Overall PI:
Peter Enzinger, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Site-responsible Investigators:
Eunice Kwak, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Massachusetts General Hospital: Cancer Trials Call Center, 877-789-6100
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Gastrointestinal Research Line, 617-632-5960

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Confirmed HER2-positive esophageal, GE junction or gastric adenocarcinoma that is metastatic or unresectable. - All patients must have available tumor sample (either paraffin block or 15 freshly cut, unstained slides) prior to study entry. Part II: Patient must have primary esophagogastric tumor in place or other tumor that is accessible for mandatory biopsy. - Measurable disease, defined in RECIST 1.1 - 18 years of age or older - Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks - ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 - Organ and marrow function as outlined in the protocol - Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception during study participation and for 30 days from the date of the last study drug administration. - Part II only: Participant agrees to undergo mandatory pre and post loading dose of trastuzumab biopsy for correlative science. Exclusion Criteria: - Prior therapy with any of the following; capecitabine, oxaliplatin, bevacizumab or trastuzumab is not allowed. May have received and completed adjuvant therapy at least 6 months prior to study entry or one prior therapy for metastatic disease as long as it did not include any of the above agents. - Chemotherapy or radiotherapy to greater then 25% of bone marrow within 4 weeks prior to entering the study. - Palliative radiation therapy to isolated bone metastasis within 2 weeks of initiating therapy. - Major surgery, open biopsy, significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to study entry,. - Minor surgery, including placement of vascular access device within 7 days prior to the first dose of bevacizumab. - Residual toxicity from prior chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy of Grade 2 or greater. - Participants may not be receiving any concurrent investigational agents - Active brain or other CNS metastasis by history or clinical examination. - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to capecitabine, bevacizumab or trastuzumab. No known allergy or hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary, or any of the study agents. No known DPD deficiency. - Warfarin is prohibited; anticoagulation using low molecular weight heparin is allowed. - Uncontrolled, intercurrent illness - Patients with a history of other malignancy are not eligible except for the following circumstances: disease-free for at least 3 years and are deemed to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy; cervical cancer in situ, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that was treated with curative intent within the past 5 years. - Known HIV seropositivity, hepatitis C, acute or chronic hepatitis B or other serious active infection - LVEF less than 50% as determined by MUGA scan or echocardiogram within 28 days prior to initiation of therapy - Inadequately controlled hypertension - History of prior hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy - History of any arterial thrombosis, CVA, TIA, MI or unstable angina in past 6 months. - Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy - Serious, unhealed wounds, bone fractures or skin ulcers - Pregnant or breast feeding - Greater than grade 1 peripheral neuropathy at baseline - Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract or malabsorption syndrome.
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