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Donor Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant With or Without Ex-vivo Expanded Cord Blood Progenitor Cells in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, or Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Status: Recruiting
Phase: Phase 2
Diagnosis: Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT), Pediatric Leukemia
NCT ID: NCT01690520 (View complete trial on ClinicalTrials.gov)
DFCI Protocol ID: 13-042

 

This randomized phase II trial studies how well donor umbilical cord blood transplant with or without ex-vivo expanded cord blood progenitor cells works in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndromes. Giving chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before a donor umbilical cord blood transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's cells. When the healthy stem cells and ex-vivo expanded cord blood progenitor cells are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is not yet known whether giving donor umbilical cord blood transplant plus ex-vivo expanded cord blood progenitor cells is more effective than giving a donor umbilical cord blood transplant alone.

 

Conducting Institutions:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Children's Hospital Boston

Overall PI:
Christine Duncan, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Site-responsible Investigators:

Contacts:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Childrens Hospital Pediatric Clinical Translation Investigation Program CTIP, ctip@partners.org

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Acute myeloid leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia - High risk first complete remission (CR1) as evidenced by preceding myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), high risk cytogenetics (for example, monosomy 5 or 7, or as defined by referring institution treatment protocol), >= 2 cycles to obtain complete remission (CR), erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia; >= second complete remission (CR2) - All patients must be in CR as defined by < 5% blasts by morphology/flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age - Patients in which adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the principal investigator prior to enrollment - Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia - High risk CR1 (for example, but not limited to: t(9;22), t(1;19), t(4;11) or other mixed-lineage leukemia [MLL] rearrangements, hypodiploid); or high risk (HR) as defined by referring institution treatment protocol greater than 1 cycle to obtain CR; CR2 or greater - All patients must be in CR as defined by < 5% blasts by morphology/flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age - Patients in which adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the principal investigator prior to enrollment - Chronic myelogenous leukemia excluding refractory blast crisis; to be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy - Myelodysplasia (MDS) International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate (Int)-2 or high risk (i.e., refractory anemia with excess blasts [RAEB], refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation [RAEBt]) or refractory anemia with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics; blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology - Karnofsky (>= 16 years old) >= 70 or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1 - Lansky (< 16 years old) >= 60 - Adults: calculated creatinine clearance must be > 60 mL and serum creatinine =< 2 mg/dL - Children (< 18 years old): calculated creatinine clearance must be > 60 mL/min - Total serum bilirubin must be < 3 mg/dL unless the elevation is thought to be due to Gilbert's disease or hemolysis - Transaminases must be < 3 x the upper limit of normal per reference values of referring institution - Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected > 60% normal - For pediatric patients unable to perform pulmonary function tests, oxygen (O2) saturation > 92% on room air - May not be on supplemental oxygen - Left ventricular ejection fraction > 45% OR - Shortening fraction > 26% - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document Exclusion Criteria: - Uncontrolled viral or bacterial infection at the time of study enrollment - Active or recent (prior 6 month) invasive fungal infection without infectious disease (ID) consult and approval - History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection - Pregnant or breastfeeding - Prior myeloablative transplant containing full dose TBI (greater than 8 Gy) - Any prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months - Central nervous system (CNS) leukemic involvement not clearing with intrathecal chemotherapy and/or cranial radiation prior to initiation of conditioning; diagnostic lumbar puncture is to be performed per protocol
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