A Study of Trastuzumab Emtansine Versus Taxane in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

Status: Recruiting
Diagnosis: Gastrointestinal Malignancies
NCT ID: NCT01641939 (View complete trial on ClinicalTrials.gov)
DFCI Protocol ID: 12-344


This multicenter, randomized, adaptive Phase II/III study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) compared to standard taxane treatment in patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer. At the start of the trial, patients will be randomized to one of three treatment arms: Arm A: trastuzumab emtansine 3.6 mg/kg every 3 weeks; Arm B: trastuzumab emtansine 2.4 mg/kg every week; Arm C: standard taxane therapy (docetaxel or paclitaxel per investigator choice). At the end of the first stage of the study, the dose and schedule of trastuzumab emtansine that will be used in the second stage of the study will be selected. The regimen selection analysis will be made after approximately 100 patients across all three study arms have been treated for at least 4 cycles (12 weeks). Once a trastuzumab emtansine regimen has been selected, Stage I patients who were assigned to the treatment arm which was selected for Stage II of the study and patients who were in the standard taxane group will continue to receive their assigned treatment regimen. Stage I patients who were assigned to the regimen that was not selected for further evaluation will continue to receive their assigned regimen and will continue to be followed for efficacy and safety. In Stage II of the study, additional patients will be recruited and randomized to either the selected regimen of trastuzumab emtansine or to the standard taxane therapy. Patients will receive study treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal.


Conducting Institutions:
Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Overall PI:
Eunice Kwak, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Site-responsible Investigators:
Peter Enzinger, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Massachusetts General Hospital: Cancer Trials Call Center, 877-789-6100
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Gastrointestinal Research Line, 617-632-5960

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Adult patients, aged >/= 18 years - ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. - Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks from the first dose of study treatment - Measurable and/or evaluable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1) - Adequate organ function as determined by the following laboratory results, within 28 days prior to randomization - Patients must have a history of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), defined as unresectable and locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), and must have experienced disease progression during or after first-line therapy for their disease. - HER2-positive tumor (primary tumor or metastatic lesion) as confirmed by central laboratory HER2 testing (immunohistochemistry and/or in-situ hybridization) - Patients must have received at least one prior chemotherapy regimen for AGC; prior therapy does not need to have included HER2-directed therapy. - First-line therapy for AGC, including adenocarcinoma of the GEJ, must have included a combination of at least a platinum- and a fluoropyrimidine-based treatment given concurrently; prior therapy does not need to have included a HER2-directed therapy. - Adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy for AGC is allowed. Exclusion Criteria: - An interval shorter than 21 days from the last dose of chemotherapy or HER2-directed therapy until the time of randomization - Prior treatment with trastuzumab emtansine, docetaxel, or paclitaxel either as single agents or as part of a treatment regimen. - Treatment with any investigational anticancer drug within 21 days of the first study treatment administration - More than one prior line of therapy for advanced gastric cancer - History of other malignancy within the previous 5 years except for appropriately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin carcinoma, Stage I uterine cancer, or other malignancies with an expected curative outcome - Brain metastases that are untreated or symptomatic or require any radiation, surgery, or steroid therapy to control symptoms from brain metastases within 1 month of randomization - Peripheral neuropathy Grade >/=2 - Uncontrolled cardiopulmonary dysfunction (e.g., high blood pressure, serious cardiac arrhythmia) - Other current, severe, uncontrolled systemic disease (e.g., clinically significant metabolic disease, wound healing disorders, ulcers) - Clinically significant bleeding within 30 days before enrollment - For female patients, current pregnancy or lactation - Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment - Infection with HIV or hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus
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