How Stem Cells Are Used
How stem cells are used to treat patients like you
What are stem cells?
Stem cells are the "building blocks" of bone marrow and blood formation. They form white blood cells (which fight infections), red blood cells (which carry oxygen throughout the body), and platelets (which allow blood to clot, helping wounds heal) – all
of the components your immune system needs to function.
Where in the body are stem cells located?
Stem cells are found in bone marrow (the tissue inside the bones) and in peripheral blood (the blood that circulates throughout the body, carrying vital nutrients). They are also found in the umbilical cord blood of newborn babies.
What are the main types of stem cell transplant?
Transplants performed here at DF/BWCC are either autologous (using your own stem cells) or allogeneic (using another person’s stem cells:
- Autologous Transplant: Your own stem cells/bone marrow will be harvested from your body.
- Allogeneic Transplant: A donor — someone who is either related to you, or who is unrelated but has a type of cell protein called HLA that closely matches yours – will have their stem cells or bone marrow harvested for your transplant.
Stem cell donor services, collection, and processing
Whether you are donating your own stem cells for your transplant, or are receiving cells from either a related or unrelated donor, we have all of the facilities and support services you need to make the process go smoothly.
If I am not using my own stem cells for a transplant, how will I get the donor cells I need?
If you are not using your own cells for an autologous transplant, your specially trained donor search coordinator can help find a donor for you. Dana-Farber is accredited by the
National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) to coordinate donor searches for patients. If you need an allogeneic transplant but do not have a related donor who is a match, your donor coordinator will
help organize the search. The NMDP's Be The Match Registry® and all other appropriate unrelated donor registries and cord blood banks will be contacted to help find a suitable donor for you.
What happens during the transplant process?
During the actual stem cell transplant, your body is infused with healthy stem cells (either your own if you have an autologous transplant, or a donor’s if you have an allogeneic transplant). The infused stem cells then grow and produce all of the different
parts of the blood that both your body and your immune system need.
You will be closely monitored before and after your stem cell transplant. After you have received your new stem cells, your care team will check your blood counts every day to monitor for engraftment. Engraftment is when your transplanted stem cells begin
to make new blood (red blood cells, platelets, and other components of the immune system) within your body. The time it takes to reach engraftment depends on several factors, including stem cell source, the type of transplant, and your pre-transplant
Where are the stem cells used for transplant at DF/BWCC processed?
Dana-Farber is home to the
Connell and O’Reilly Families Cell Manipulation Core Facility, which is New England’s only state-of-the-art cell therapy facility at an academic medical
center. Our facility processes all of the stem cells we use for transplant and other patient care purposes. How does DF/BWCC ensure the quality and safety of the stem cells used for transplant? DF/BWCC has an entire department dedicated to ensuring
the highest standards of quality in the manufacturing and use of stem cells, as well as all other types of cellular products used for patients.
Your Transplant Care Team
Before, during, and after your stem cell transplant, you will work with a number of dedicated physicians, nurses, and other specialists who will coordinate your care to bring you the best possible outcomes in a supportive, compassionate, and family-centered
Your team will be in communication with your local oncologist throughout your treatment and during your post-transplant care. Resource specialists will also help coordinate other important parts of your care, including housing arrangements, transportation,
referral to community programs, and any other services you may need.
Your transplant physician
Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center (DF/BWCC) has more than 30 expert stem cell transplant physicians on staff. You will meet your transplant physician during your first visit, and he or she will direct and oversee your medical care from this
point forward. Your transplant physician will talk daily with the other members of your care team to keep them up to date on your treatment.
Your transplant nurse
You may meet a number of different nursing professionals during your transplant journey, including transplant nurse practitioners, transplant nurses, and research nurses. You will likely have the most interaction with your transplant nurse. He or she
will be your central point of contact for any medical issues you experience. In addition to helping you prepare for hospitalization, your transplant nurse may follow up on your care during the post-transplant phase and will be available as an educational
resource for you and your family.
Your transplant clinical coordinator
This team member is an important resource. He or she will work with you before your transplant to create a schedule, helping make sure all of your pre-transplant tests are completed on time. You may call your coordinator with any non-medical questions
you have. The coordinator will also serve as a liaison with other members of your care team.
Your transplant physician assistant
A physician assistant (PA) who specializes in stem cell transplant care will partner with your transplant physician to coordinate your daily medical care.
In addition to these essential team members, you may also receive support from other specialists at DF/BWCC.
Your transplant social worker
A clinical social worker will be available to provide counseling and emotional support to you and your family throughout all phases of your transplant care. He or she may also offer group counseling sessions, make referrals to resources you can access
in your community, and help you and your family cope with any concerns or issues that arise before, during, or after your transplant.
Your financial counselor
A financial counselor will team with you to provide support and guidance in handling the costs of your transplant care. The counselor’s role is to make the financial side of your transplant as stress-free as possible.
You will see a dietitian once you are admitted to the hospital for your transplant. The dietitian and his or her assistants will monitor the food you eat and provide supplements if you need them. The dietitian will typically visit with you once a week
while you are in the hospital, but may come more often if needed. The dietitian will also meet with you and your caregiver before you are discharged to review the dietary restrictions you should follow and answer any questions you have.