Principal Investigator:Yee, Andrew
Site Research Nurse(s):Gammon, Marilyn,
A randomized Phase II clinical trial will be conducted to assess the impact on progression
free survival (PFS) with the addition of ixazomib and daratumumab to lenalidomide as a
maintenance treatment following induction with lenalidomide, ixazomib, dexamethasone, and
Patients will be randomized to either:
Arm A: 12 cycles of lenalidomide, ixazomib, daratumumab, and dexamethasone followed by
lenalidomide until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or a maximum of 2 years of
Arm B: 12 cycles of lenalidomide, ixazomib, daratumumab and dexamethasone, followed by
lenalidomide, ixazomib, and daratumumab until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or
a maximum of 2 years maintenance therapy.
1. Patient must be at least 18 years of age.
2. Subject must have documented multiple myeloma satisfying the CRAB criteria and
measurable disease defined as:
- Clonal bone marrow plasma cells ≥10% or biopsy-proven bony or extramedullary
- Measurable disease as defined by any of the following CRAB features and
myeloma-defining events (MDEs):
- Evidence of end organ damage that can be attributed to the underlying plasma
cell proliferative disorder, specifically:
- Hypercalcemia: serum calcium >0.25 mmol/L (>1 mg/dL) higher than the
upper limit of normal (ULN) or >2.75 mmol/L (>11 mg/dL).
- Renal insufficiency: creatinine clearance <40 mL per minute or serum
creatinine >177 mol/L (>2 mg/dL).
- Anemia: hemoglobin value of >20 g/L below the lowest limit of normal,
or a hemoglobin value <100 g/L.
- Bone lesions: one or more osteolytic lesion on skeletal radiography,
CT, or PET/CT. If bone marrow has <10% clonal plasma cells, more than
one bone lesion is required to distinguish from solitary plasmacytoma
with minimal marrow involvement.
- Any one or more of the following biomarkers of malignancy (MDEs):
- Sixty percent (60%) or greater clonal plasma cells on bone marrow
- Serum involved/uninvolved free light chain ratio of 100 or greater,
provided the absolute level of the involved light chain is at least 100
mg/L (a patient's involved free light chain, either kappa or lambda, is
the one that is above the normal reference range; the uninvolved free
light chain is the one that is typically in, or below, the normal
- More than one focal lesion on MRI that is at least 5 mm or greater in
- Measurable disease as defined by any of the following:
- IgG myeloma: Serum monoclonal paraprotein (M-protein) level ≥1.0 g/dL
or urine M-protein level ≥200 mg/24 hours; or
- IgA, IgM, or IgD multiple myeloma: serum M-protein level ≥0.5 g/dL or
urine M-protein level ≥200 mg/24 hours; or
- Light chain multiple myeloma: Serum immunoglobulin free light chain
- Abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa lambda free light chain ratio
3. Newly diagnosed and not considered candidate for high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell
transplant due to:
- Being age ≥75 years, OR
- In patients <75 years: presence of important comorbid condition(s) likely to have
a negative impact on tolerability of high dose chemotherapy with stem cell
transplantation (ASCT) and/or Investigator's discretion due to concern regarding
acute and long-term toxicity.
- Including dysfunction (such as cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, GI, renal) and
limitations in mental/mobility and logistical function precluding safe use
of ASCT as a treatment modality.
4. Patient must have an ECOG performance status score of 0, 1, or 2.
5. Patient must have adequate pretreatment clinical laboratory values meeting the
following criteria ≤14 days of registration date:
- hemoglobin ≥7.5 g/dL (prior red blood cell transfusion or recombinant human
erythropoietin use is permitted).
- absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.0x109/L (granulocyte colony stimulating factor
(GCSF use is permitted).
- platelet count ≥75x109/L for patients in whom <50% of bone marrow nucleated cells
are plasma cells; otherwise, platelet count >50×109/L (transfusions are not
permitted to achieve this minimum platelet count).
- aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3xULN.
- alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤3xULN.
- total bilirubin ≤1.5xULN, except in patients with congenital bilirubinemia, such
as Gilbert syndrome (direct bilirubin ≤2.0xULN).
- creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥30 mL/min. (Creatinine clearance may be calculated
using the Cockcroft-Gault formula provided in corrected serum calcium ≤14 mg/dL
(≤3.5 mmol/L); or free ionized calcium <6.5 mg/dL (<1.6 mmol/L).
6. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must commit to either abstain continuously
from heterosexual sexual intercourse or to use 2 methods of reliable birth control
simultaneously. This includes one highly effective form of contraception (tubal
ligation, intrauterine device [IUD], hormonal [birth control pills, injections,
hormonal patches, vaginal rings or implants] or partner's vasectomy) and one
additional effective contraceptive method (male latex or synthetic condom, diaphragm,
or cervical cap). Contraception must begin 4 weeks prior to initial dosing. Reliable
contraception is indicated even where there has been a history of infertility, unless
due to hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy.
7. A man who is sexually active with a WOCBP must agree to use a latex or synthetic
condom, even if they had a successful vasectomy. All men must also not donate sperm
during the study, for 4 weeks after the last dose of lenalidomide, and for 4 months
after the last dose of daratumumab.
8. A WOCBP must have 2 negative serum or urine pregnancy tests first within 10 to 14 days
prior to the registration date.
9. Patients on chronic hormonal therapy for breast or prostate cancer or patients treated
with maintenance with targeted agents but are in remission with no evidence for the
primary malignancies or prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance can be
10. All study patients must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS® program and be
willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS® program.
11. Females of reproductive potential must agree to adhere to the scheduled pregnancy
testing as required in the Revlimid REMS® program.
12. At the time of randomization, confirmation of adequate contraceptive method(s) should
be documented in the medical record.
13. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
1. Patient has primary AL amyloidosis.
2. Prior history of Waldenström's disease, or other conditions in which IgM M-protein is
present in the absence of a clonal plasma cell infiltration with lytic bone lesions.
3. Prior or current systemic therapy or stem cell transplantation (SCT) for MM, with the
exception of an emergency use of a short course (equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg/day
for a maximum 4 days) of corticosteroids before initial dosing.
4. Patients undergoing treatment for a malignancy within 5 years prior to study
enrollment with the exception of non-invasive malignancies that in the opinion of the
investigator are considered cured or have minimal risk of recurrence within 5 years.
Patient must not have active concomitant, invasive malignancy.
5. Radiation therapy ≤14 days prior to screening.
6. Plasmapheresis ≤28 days prior to screening.
7. Exhibiting clinical signs of meningeal involvement of MM ≤28 days prior to screening.
8. Known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (defined as a forced expiratory
volume [FEV] in 1 second <60% of predicted normal), persistent asthma, or a history of
asthma ≤ 2 years prior to screening (intermittent asthma is allowed).
Note: Patients with known or suspected COPD or asthma must have a FEV1 test within 28
days prior to screening.
9. Patient has history or evidence of unstable/uncontrolled medical or psychiatric
disorder, condition or disease (e.g., active systemic infection, uncontrolled
diabetes, acute diffuse infiltrative pulmonary disease) that is likely to interfere
with the study procedures or results, or that in the opinion of the investigator,
would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with study evaluation, procedures or
10. Clinically significant cardiac disease, including:
- myocardial infarction ≤1 year prior to screening, or an unstable or uncontrolled
disease/condition related to or affecting cardiac function (eg, unstable angina,
congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Class III-IV).
- uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia (National Cancer Institute Common Terminology
Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTCAE] Version 5.0 Grade ≥2) or clinically
significant ECG abnormalities;
- 12-lead ECG performed ≤28 days prior to screening showing a baseline QT interval
as corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >470 msec.
11. Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to corticosteroids, monoclonal
antibodies, or human proteins, or their excipients (refer to respective package
inserts or Investigator's Brochure) or known sensitivity to mammalian-derived
12. History of plasma cell leukemia (by WHO criterion: ≥20% of cells in the peripheral
blood with an absolute plasma cell count of more than 2×10^9/L) or POEMS syndrome (ie,
polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes).
13. Patient is:
- seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface
antigen [HBsAg]). Subjects with resolved infection (ie, subjects who are HBsAg
negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc]
and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened
using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus
(HBV) DNA levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded. EXCEPTION:
Subjects with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (anti-HBs
positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior HBV
vaccination, do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR.
- seropositive for hepatitis C (except in the setting of a sustained virologic
response [SVR], defined as aviremia at least 12 weeks after completion of
14. A woman who is pregnant, or breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant during the
study period or a man who plans to father a child during the study period. See Section
12.8 for further details.
15. Major surgery ≤14 days prior to screening or has not fully recovered from surgery, or
has surgery planned during the time the patient is expected to participate in the
Note: Kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty is not considered major surgery.
16. Received an investigational drug (including investigational vaccines) or used an
invasive investigational medical device ≤28 days prior to initial dosing or is
currently enrolled in an interventional investigational study.
17. Contraindications to required protocol prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis and
18. Peripheral neuropathy Grade 2 or severe ≤28 days prior to screening.
19. Systemic treatment with strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin,
carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of St. John's wort ≤14 days prior to
Protocol #: 20-074