Condition(s):Gynecologic Cancer, Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma
Principal Investigator:Lee, Elizabeth
Site Research Nurse(s):Belavusava, Vera,
Bowes, Brittany, N.
Morrissey, Stephanie, C.
This research study is being done to test the efficacy and safety of combining the study
drugs pembrolizumab and lenvatinib in patients with clear cell ovarian cancer.
The names of the study drugs involved in this study are:
- Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed recurrent or
persistent clear cell carcinoma of the ovary (CCOC) (≥50% clear cell histology).
- Participants must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be
accurately measured per RECIST v1.1 criteria. Lesions situated in a previously
irradiated area are considered measurable if progression has been demonstrated in such
- Participants must have received at least one prior platinum-based chemotherapeutic
regimen for primary management of disease.
- Prior bevacizumab is allowed.
- Unlimited prior lines for the treatment of recurrent or persistent disease are
- Age ≥18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the
use of the combination of pembrolizumab/lenvatinib in participants <18 years of age,
children are excluded from this study.
- ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 (Karnofsky performance scale ≥70%).
- Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
- absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/μcL
- hemoglobin ≥ 9g/dL (without use of erythropoietin; without packed RBC transfusion
within preceding 2 weeks)
- platelet count ≥100,000/μcL
- total bilirubin ≤ institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (in the absence of
liver metastases) or ≤ 1.5 × institutional ULN (in the presence of liver
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional ULN (in the absence of liver metastases)
or ≤5 × institutional ULN (in the presence of liver metastases)
- creatinine ≤ 1.5 ×ULN OR glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥30mL/min per the
CKD-EPI formula for participants with Cr >1.5×ULN. The CKD-EPI formula is
calculated as: GFR = 141 × min (Scr /κ, 1)α × max(Scr /κ, 1)-1.209 × 0.993Age ×
1.018 [if female] × 1.159 [if black] here: Scr is serum creatinine in mg/dL, κ is
0.7 for females and 0.9 for males, α is -0.329 for females and -0.411 for males,
min indicates the minimum of Scr /κ or 1, and max indicates the maximum of Scr /κ
- PT/INR, aPTT ≤ 1.5x ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy and
the PT/INR or aPTT is within the intended therapeutic range of the anticoagulant
- Participants must have adequately controlled blood pressure (BP) with or without
antihypertensive medications, defined as a BP ≤ 140/90 at screening and no change in
antihypertensive medications within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
- Participants with known brain metastases are eligible if they have completed primary
CNS-directed therapy (such as surgical resection or radiotherapy) and if they have
remained clinically stable, asymptomatic, radiologically stable without evidence of
progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging, and have been off of steroids for
at least 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment.
- Participants with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment
does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the
investigational regimen, as determined after discussion with the PI, are eligible for
- Archival tumor tissue must be available as 27 (25 unstained + 2 H&E) freshly serially
cut slides from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks. The most
recent available tissue is preferred to archived tissue. If fewer than 27 slides are
available, the participant may still be eligible pending discussion with the
- The effects of pembrolizumab and lenvatinib on the developing human fetus are unknown.
For this reason and because these agents are known to be teratogenic, women of
child-bearing potential* must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at the
Screening and Cycle 1 Day 1 visits. Women of child-bearing potential and men must
agree to use adequate contraception (see Appendix D) prior to study entry, for the
duration of study participation, and for at least 30 days after last receipt of study
therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is
participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
-- Female participants are NOT considered to be of childbearing potential if they meet
either criteria: (1) Post-menopausal, defined as amenorrheic for at least 12
consecutive months within the appropriate age group and without an alternative medical
cause, OR; (2) Surgically sterilized (i.e. bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal
ligation or salpingectomy, or total hysterectomy)
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- Prior use of any immune checkpoint inhibitors (e.g. anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-CTLA4)
- Prior use of lenvatinib.
- Use of any immunosuppressive therapy, including steroids used for the purpose of
systemic immunosuppression (with dosing exceeding 10mg daily of prednisone or
equivalent), within 2 weeks prior to beginning study treatment. The use of steroids as
physiologic replacement (e.g. for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is allowed. The
use of inhaled steroids (e.g. for the treatment of asthma or seasonal allergies) is
allowed. The use of prophylactic corticosteroids to avoid allergic reactions (e.g. to
IV contrast dye) is allowed.
- Anti-cancer treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or other investigational therapy)
within 4 weeks prior to entering the study (6 weeks prior to study entry for
nitrosoureas or mitomycin C).
- Prior radiation therapy within 2 weeks of start of study drugs. Participants must have
recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and must not require steroids.
Participants must not have had radiation pneumonitis. Palliative radiation (≤2 weeks
of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease is permitted, provided there is at least a 1-week
washout prior to start of study drugs.
- Use of herbal supplements, including but not limited to: cannabis, St. John's wort,
gingko biloba, ginseng, saw palmetto, and ephedra. Herbal supplements must be stopped
at least 1 week prior to beginning study treatment.
- Residual toxicities from prior anti-cancer therapy that remain Grade > 1, with the
exception of alopecia and peripheral neuropathy. Toxicities related to prior
treatments must have resolved to Grade ≤1 to be eligible.
- Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose
of study drug. Administration of killed vaccines are allowed.
- Major surgical procedures within 4 weeks of beginning study treatment are not allowed.
Minor surgical procedures (with the exception of port placement) within 1 week of
beginning study treatment are not allowed.
- Subjects having >1+ proteinuria on urinalysis must undergo a 24-hour urine collection
for quantitative assessment of proteinuria. Subjects with urine protein ≥1g/24 hours
will be ineligible.
- Evidence of bowel involvement.
- Any gastrointestinal disorder that would interfere with the passage or absorption of
oral medications. Participants must be able to swallow oral medications. Participants
with an enteric tube (e.g. gastrostomy or jejunostomy tube), receiving total
parenteral nutrition (TPN), or dependent on IV fluid support are ineligible.
- Participants with significant cardiovascular impairment, including uncontrolled
hypertension, congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association Grade II or
above, unstable angina, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, or serious
cardiac arrhythmia within the past 6 months.
- Resting corrected QT interval (QTc) interval using the Fridericia formula (QTcF) >450
ms for males or >470 ms for females."
- Clinically significant bleeding within 4 weeks of beginning study treatment.
- Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment (e.g. use of steroids,
immunosuppressive medications, or disease modifying agents) within the past 2 years.
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency.
- Is known to be positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Subjects with HIV,
including those on antiretroviral therapy, are excluded due to risk of
immunodeficiency and risk of overlapping hepatotoxicity between antiretroviral agents
- Is known to be positive for Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Participants are eligible if they have a history of HCV infection that has been
treated and cured, with an undetectable viral load.
- History of allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant.
- History of non-infectious pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required
steroids, or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
- Participants with uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to
active infection and serious non-healing wounds or ulcers.
- Participants with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance
with study requirements.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to lenvatinib, pembrolizumab, or any of the study drug excipients.
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because pembrolizumab and/or lenvatinib
are agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there
is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to
treatment of the mother with pembrolizumab and/or lenvatinib, breastfeeding should be
discontinued if the mother is treated with either agent.
Protocol #: 21-739