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Pasi A. Jänne, MD, PhD


Medical Oncology

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Physician

  • Director, Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology
  • Director, Belfer Center for Applied Cancer Science
  • Director, Chen-Huang Center for EGFR Mutant Lung Cancers
  • Senior Physician
  • Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Centers/Programs

Clinical Interests

  • Epidermal growth factor receptor targeted therapies
  • Lung cancer
  • Targeted therapies
  • Translational medicine

Diseases Treated

Contact Information

  • Appointments877-332-4294 (new)
    617-632-6190 (established)
  • Office Phone Number617-632-6036
  • Fax617-632-5786

Bio

Dr. Jänne received his MD and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1996. He completed postgraduate training in internal medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital and in medical oncology at DFCI in 2001. He is the director of the Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology and the Scientific Director of the Belfer Center for Applied Cancer Science. His main research interests include studying the therapeutic relevance of oncogenic alterations in lung cancer. He was one of the co-discoverers of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and has led the development of therapeutic strategies for patients with EGFR mutant lung cancer.

Board Certification:

  • Internal Medicine, 1999
  • Medical Oncology, 2001

Fellowship:

  • Dana-Farber/Partners CancerCare, Hematology & Oncology

Residency:

  • Brigham and Women's Hospital, Internal Medicine

Medical School:

  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Recent Awards:

  • Outstanding Investigator Award; National Cancer Institute (NCI) 2018
  • Translational Research Award; European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018
  • Waun Ki Hong Award for Outstanding Achievement in Translational and Clinical Research; American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) 2018
  • Research Excellence Award; Uniting Against Lung Cancer 2010
  • Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Memorial Award; American Association for Cancer Research 2010
  • Team Science Award; American Association for Cancer Research 2010
  • Hope Now Award for Lung Cancer Research; Joan’s Legacy: The Joan Scarangello Foundation to Conquer Lung Cancer 2007
  • George P. Canellos Award for Excellence in Clinical Investigation and Patient Care; Dana Farber Cancer Institute 2005
  • Tisch Family Award for Outstanding Achievement in Clinical Investigation; Dana Farber Cancer Institute 2004
  • Merit Award, American Society of Clinical Oncology 2001

Research

 Targeted therapies in lung cancer, novel EGFR inhibitors, mechanisms of drug resistance

Laboratory-based investigations of Targeted Therapies in Lung Cancer Our laboratory work focuses on studying preclinical models of lung cancers that harbor oncogenic alterations. The main focus of our work is to understand how oncogenic alterations found in lung cancer lead to sensitivity of targeted therapies. Furthermore, we extensively study both model systems and patient derived tumors to uncover mechanisms of drug resistance. Through these studies we have been able to identify novel therapeutic strategies for patients with different genomic subtypes of lung cancer.

Preclinical and clinical development of novel EGFR directed therapies The most common mechanism (found in 60% of patients) of resistance to EGFR inhibitors is the secondary EGFR T790M mutation. The initial studies identified a second class of EGFR inhibitors, covalent or irreversible inhibitors, which could still be effective in model systems harboring EGFR T790M. We have extensively studied one such covalent inhibitor, dactominib, both in preclinical models and in lung cancer patients and despite its efficacy in preclinical models, this drug was not clinically effective in EGFR mutant lung cancer patients that had failed first generation inhibitors. One reason for this disconnect pre-clinically and clinically is that the concentrations of dacomitinib required to inhibit EGFR T790M cannot be reached in patients due to the development of on-target dose limiting toxicity (skin rash, mediated by inhibition of wild type (WT) EGFR) at much lower doses. Prompted by these clinical observations, we began working together with Dr. Nathanael Gray (who is a kinase chemist at DFCI) to tackle this problem. These studies led us to identify a previously unknown class of covalent inhibitors, irreversible pyrimidine inhibitors, which were effective EGFR inhibitors This novel chemical class of agents is both more potent than irreversible quinazolines (like dacomitinib) against EGFR T790M and is EGFR wild type sparing thus potentially improving the therapeutic window. At least 7 pharmaceutical companies have now developed clinical agents inspired by our original finding. We led the phase I clinical trial of one of these agents, osimertinib (AZD9291), which was approved by the FDA in November 2015. We continue to study this class of inhibitors and to use both laboratory and clinical studies to develop novel combination therapies.  

Clinical trials of targeted therapies in lung cancer Dr. Jänne has led multiple clinical trials of targeted therapies for patients with specific genomic subtypes of lung cancer. Many of these studies have led to either changing or improving the standard of care for patients with lung cancer. Currently, Dr. Jänne is focusing on developing combination targeted therapies and on clinical studies focusing on preventing and/delaying the emergence of drug resistance.

Paez, J.G., *Jänne, P.A., Lee, J.C., Tracy, S., Greulich, H., Gabriel, S., Herman, P., Kaye, F.J., Lindeman, N. Boggon, T.J., Naoki, K., Sasaki, H., Fujii, Y., Eck, M.J., Sellers, W.R., Johnson, B.E., and Meyerson, M. EGFR mutations in lung cancer: correlation with clinical response to gefitinib therapy. Science 2004; 304 (5676):1497-1500. * co-first author

2004

Jackman, D.M., Yeap, B.Y., Lindeman, N.I., Fidias, P., Rabin, M.S., Temel, J., Skarin, A.T., Meyerson, M., Holmes, A.J., Borras, A.M., Friedlin, B., Ostler, P.A. ,Lucca, J., Lynch, T.J., Johnson, B.E. and Jänne, P.A., .A phase II study of chemotherapy-naïve patients > 70 years of age treated with erlotinib for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol 2007; 25(7):760-6

2007

Jänne, P.A., Wang, X., Socinski, M.A., Crawford, J., Stinchcombe, T.E., Gu, L. Capelletti, M., Edelman, M.J., Villalona-Calero, M.A., Kratzke, R., Vokes, E.E. and Miller, V.A. A randomized phase II trial of erlotinib alone or with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients who were never or light   former smokers with advanced lung adenocarcinoma: Cancer and Leukemia Group B trial 30406. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2012; 30(17):2063-9.

2012

Jänne, P.A., Ou, S.-H. I., Kim, D.-W., Oxnard, G.R., Martins, R., Kris, M.G., Dunphy, F., Nishio, M., O’Connell, J., Paweletz, C., Taylor, I., Zhang, H., Goldberg, Z., and Mok, T. Phase 2 trial of dacomitinib as initial treatment in patients with clinically and/or molecularly selected advanced non-   small cell lung cancer. Lancet Oncol 2014; (13):1433-41.

2014

Engelman, J.A., Zejnullahu, K., Mitsudomi, T., Song, Y., Hyland, C., Park, J.O., Lindeman, N., Gale, C.-M., Zhao, X., Christensen, J., Kosaka, K., Holmes, A.J., Rogers, A.M., Cappuzzo, F., Mok, T., Lee, C., Johnson, B.E., Cantley, L.C., Jänne, P.A. MET Amplification Leads to Gefitinib Resistance by Activating ERBB3 Signaling in Lung Cancer. Science 2007; 316(5827):1039-43

2007

Turke, A.,B., Zejnullahu, K., Wu, Y.-L., Song, Y., Dias-Santagata, D., Lifshits, E., Toschi, L., Rogers, A., Mok, T., Sequist, L., Lindeman, N.I., Murphy, c., Akhavanfard, S., Yeap, B.Y., Xiao, Y., Capelletti, M., Iafrate, A.J., Lee, C., Christensen, J.G., Engelman, J.A., and Jänne, P.A. Pre-existence and clonal selection of MET amplification in EGFR mutant NSCLC. Cancer Cell 2010; 17(1):77-88

2010

Yonesaka, K., Zejnullahu, K., Okamoto, I., Satoh, T., Cappuzzo, F., Souglakos, J., Ercan, D., Rogers, A., Roncalli, M., Takeda, M., Fujisaka, Y., Philips, J., Shimizu, T., Maenishi, O., Cho, Y., Sun, J., Destro, A., Taira, K., Takeda, K., Okabe, T., Swanson, J., Itoh, H., Takada, M., Lifshits, E., Okuno, K., Engelman, J.A., Shivdasani, R.A., Nishio, K., Fukuoka, M., Varella-Garcia, M., Nakagawa, K. and Jänne, P.A. Activation of ERBB2 signaling causes resistance to the EGFR-directed therapeutic antibody cetuximab. Science Translational Medicine 2011; 3(99):99ra86

2011

Sasaki, T., Koivunen, J., Ogino, A., Yanagita, M., Nikiforow, S., Zheng, W., Lathan, C., Marcoux, J.P., Du, J., Okuda, K., Capelletti, M., Shimamura, T., Ercan, D., Stumpfova, M., Xiao, Y., Weremowicz, S., Butaney, M., Heon, S., Wilner, K., Christensen, J.G., Eck, M.J., Wong, K.-K., Lindeman, N., Gray, N.S., Rodig, S.J., and Jänne, P.A. A novel ALK secondary mutation and EGFR signaling cause resistance to ALK kinase inhibitors. Cancer Research 2011; 71(18):6051-60.

2011

Engelman, J.A., Zejnullahu, K, Gale, C.-M., Lifshits, E., Gonzales, A.J., Shimamura, T., Zhao, F., Vincent, P.W., Naumov, G.N., Bradner, J.E., Althaus, I.W., Gandhi, L., Shapiro, G.I., Nelson, J.M., Heymach, J.V., Meyerson, M., Wong, K.-K. and Jänne, P.A. PF00299804, an irreversible pan-ERBB inhibitor, is effective in lung cancer models with EGFR and ERBB2 mutations that are resistant to gefitinib. Cancer Research 2007; 67:11924-32.

2007

Jänne P.A., Boss D.S., Camidge D.R., Britten C.D., Engelman J.A., Garon E.B., Guo F., Wong S., Liang J., Letrent S., Millham R., Taylor I., Eckhardt S.G., and Schellens J.H. Phase I dose- escalation study of the pan-HER inhibitor, PF299804, in patients with advanced malignant solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Mar 1;17(5):1131-9.

2011

Zhou, W., Ercan, D., Chen, L., Yun, C.-H., Li, D., Capelletti, M., Cortot, A.B., chirieac, L., Iacob, R.E., Padera, R., Engen, J.R., Wong, K.-K., Eck, M.J., Gray, N.S., and Jänne, P.A. Novel mutant selective EGFR kinase inhibitors effective against EGFR T790M. Nature 2009; 462(7276):1070-4

2009

Jänne, P.A., Yang, J.C.-H., Kim, D.-W., Planchard, D., Ohe, Y., Ramalingam, S.S., Ahn, M.-J., Kim, S.-W., Su, W.-C., M.D., Horn, L., Haggstrom, D., Felip, E., Kim, J.-H., Frewer, P., Cantarini, M., Brown, K.H., Dickinson, Ghiorghiu, G., and Ranson, M. AZD9291 in EGFR Inhibitor Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 2015; 372(18):1689-99

2015

Lipson D., Capelletti M., Yelensky R., Otto G., Parker A., Jarosz M., Curran J.A., Balasubramanian S., Bloom T., Brennan K.W., Donahue A., Downing S.R., Frampton G.M., Garcia L., Juhn F., Mitchell K.C., White E., White J., Zwirko Z., Peretz T., Nechushtan H., Soussan-Gutman L., Kim J., Sasaki H., Kim H.R., Park S.I., Ercan D., Sheehan C.E., Ross J.S., Cronin M.T., Jänne P.A*., and Stephens P.J. Identification of new ALK and RET gene fusions from colorectal and lung cancer biopsies. Nat Med. 2012 Feb 12;18(3):382-4 *co-senior author

2012

Vaishnavi A., Capelletti M., Le A.T., Kako S., Butaney M., Ercan D., Mahale S., Davies K.D., Aisner D.L., Pilling A.B., Berge E.M., Kim J., Sasaki H., Park S.I., Kryukov G., Garraway L.A., Hammerman P.S., Haas J., Andrews S.W., Lipson D., Stephens P.J., Miller V.A., Varella-Garcia M., *Jänne P.A., and Doebele R.C. Oncogenic and drug-sensitive NTRK1 rearrangements in lung cancer. Nat Med. 2013;19(11):1469-72. *co-senior author

2013

Shaw, A.T., Kim, D.-W., Nakagawa, K., Seto, T., Crino, L., Ahn, M.-J., De Pas, T., Besse, B., Solomon, B.J., Blackhall, F., Wu, Y.-L., Thomas, M., O’Byrne, K.J., Moro-Sibilot, D., Camidge, D.R., Mok, T., Hirsch, V., Riely, G.J., Iyer, S., Tassell, V., Polli, A., Wilner, K.D., and Jänne, P.A., Crizotinib versus Chemotherapy in Advanced ALK-rearranged Lung Cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 2013; 368(25):2385-94

2013

Jänne, P.A., Shaw, A.T., Pereira, J.R., Jeannin, G., Vansteenkiste, J., Barrios, C., Franke, F.A., Grinsted, L., Zazulina, V., Smith, P., Smith, I. and Crino, L. Selumetinib plus docetaxel for KRAS- mutant advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a randomised, multicentre, phase 2 study. Lancet Oncology 2013; 14(1):38-47

2013

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