Phase I/II Study of MEK162 for Children Low-Grade Gliomas and Other Ras/Raf/ERK Pathway Activated Tumors

Protocol # :
Low-Grade Gliomas
Malignant Neoplasms, Brain
Soft Tissue Neoplasms
Disease Sites
Brain and Nervous System
Principal Investigator
Wright, Karen, D.
Site Investigator
Beroukhim, Rameen
Site Research Nurses
Aspri, Tristan
Cavanaugh, Kerri, Lynn
Ezrre, Suzanne
Kennedy, Joanne
Strachan, Marylynne

Trial Description

The goal of this clinical trial is to study the drug MEK162 in children with a brain tumor
call low-grade glioma, as well as in children with other tumors in which a specific growth
signal is abnormally turned on. The main questions it aims to answer are:

What is the correct dose of MEK162 in children? What are the side effects of MEK162 in
children? Is MEK162 effective in children with low-grade glioma?

Participants on the study receive MEK162 by mouth twice daily for up to 2 years.

Eligibility Requirements

Patients with recurrent or progressive disease, as defined in the following three strata
below, will be eligible. For eligibility determination, tumor imaging from at least two
time-points must be available to document radiographic progression or recurrence. Patients
with non-progressive refractory tumors will not be eligible.

- Stratum 1: patients with LGG with a BRAF truncated fusion that is measurable in at
least two dimensions on imaging.

- Stratum 2: patients with NF1 and LGG that is measurable in at least two dimensions on

- Stratum 3: Pediatric patients with a recurrent or progressive tumor thought to involve
the Ras/Raf/ERK pathway but not included in strata 1 or 2 that is measurable in at
least two dimensions on imaging. This includes any LGG not included in strata 1 or 2
(i.e., any LGG without a BRAF truncated fusion in a patient without NF1), any tumor
other than LGG in a patient with NF1, and any other tumor with a documented activating
BRAF, NRAS, or KRAS mutation.

- Stratum 4 (surgical arm, target validation): Patients who meet criteria for stratum 1,
2, or 3 for whom tumor biopsy and/or resection is clinically indicated.

- Tumor tissue for correlative studies must be available for all patients except those
with NF1 and LGG (stratum 2) or any patient with optic pathway glioma (stratum 2 or
3), for whom tumor tissue is optional.

- Patients must have received at least one prior chemotherapy or radiation regimen prior
to progression.

- At the time of enrollment, at least 6 weeks must have elapsed since the last dose of
any nitrosourea, and the longer of 2 weeks or 3 half-lives must have elapsed since the
last dose of any other tumor-directed medication. or biologic therapy.

- At least 3 months must have elapsed since the last dose of irradiation to the target
tumor(s) at the time of enrollment.

- Patients must be >1 year and <18 years old.

- Performance Score using the Karnofsky Performance Scale (patients > 12 years old) or
Lansky Play - Performance Scale (patients ≤ 12 years old) must be ≥ 60 assessed within
two weeks prior to enrollment.

- Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below within two
weeks prior to enrollment:

- Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/mcL

- Platelets > 75,000/mcL and > 7 days since last platelet transfusion. Hemoglobin >
9 gm/dL and > 7 days since last red blood cell transfusion

- Not refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions

- Hepatic: Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal; SGPT (ALT) and
SGOT (AST) < 3 times the institutional upper limit of normal

- Renal: Serum creatinine which is less than 1.5 time the upper limit of
institutional normal for age or GFR > 70 ml/min/1.73m2

- QTc interval < 450ms

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 50% as determined by an

- Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy
test within 72 hours of the first dose of MEK162. Patient must not be pregnant or
breast-feeding. Patients of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing
to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes abstinence, while
being treated on this study and for 30 days following cessation of treatment.

- Patient must be able to take oral/enteral medication.

- Patient, parent, or legal guardian must be able to understand and willing to provide
informed consent.

- Patients must have recovered from the effects of prior therapy.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with any of the following characteristics will not be eligible:

- Patients for whom other curative or established standard-of-care therapeutic options
with acceptable morbidity exist.

- Patients with any significant medical illnesses that in the investigator's opinion
cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the
patient's ability to tolerate this therapy.

- History of Gilbert's syndrome

- Patients receiving any other anticancer or experimental drug therapy.

- Use of hematopoietic growth factors within 2 weeks prior to initiation of therapy.

- Any other investigational agents within 2 weeks or ≤ 3 half-lives (whichever is
longer) before start of study therapy.

- Patients who have undergone surgery ≤ 3 weeks or who have not recovered from side
effects of this procedure prior to receiving study drug.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
arrhythmia, impaired gastrointestinal function, or psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

- History or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or predisposing factors to
RVO (e.g. uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity or
hypercoagulability syndromes).

- History of retinal degenerative disease

- Prior therapy with a MEK inhibitor

- Impairment of gastrointestinal function (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome)

- Patients who have a neuromuscular disorder that is associated with elevated CK (e.g.,
inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal
muscular atrophy).

- Patients with uncontrolled hypertension

Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Other Underrepresented Populations This protocol is
open to males and females of all races. See Inclusion Criteria above regarding specific
eligibility requirements for female and male patients of child-bearing or child-fathering
potential, respectively.