Phase 0/I study of AMG 232 concentrations in brain tissue in patients with recurrent glioblastoma and of AMG 232 in combination with radiation in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and unmethylated MGMT promoters

Protocol # :
MGMT-Unmethylated Glioblastoma
Recurrent Glioblastoma
Disease Sites
Brain and Nervous System
Principal Investigator
Lee, Eudocia, Quant
Site Investigator
Alexander, Brian, M.
Gerstner, Elizabeth, R.
Site Research Nurses
Kats, Vanessa
Scalfani, Renee

Trial Description

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of navtemadlin in treating patients
with glioblastoma (brain cancer) that is newly diagnosed or has come back (recurrent).
Navtemadlin may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for
cell growth.

Eligibility Requirements

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must be 18 years of age or older

- Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be
able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul

- Platelets >= 100,000/ul

- Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL (transfuse as necessary to raise levels, no transfusions within
7 days of start)

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
=< 2.5 x institutional ULN

- Alkaline phosphatase < 2.0 x ULN

- Creatinine =< institutional ULN

- Creatinine clearance >= 60 ml/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above
institutional normal

- Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)/partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5
x institutional ULN

- Patients must be able to provide written informed consent

- Patients must have MRI within 21 days before starting treatment; patients must be able
to tolerate MRI with gadolinium

- Patients must be maintained on a stable corticosteroid regimen (no increase for 5
days) prior to the baseline MRI

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to
study entry; women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception
prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation through 5 weeks
(women) after receiving the last dose of AMG 232 (KRT 232); should a woman become
pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this
study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled
on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for
the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of AMG 232 (KRT
232) administration; adequate methods of effective birth control include sexual
abstinence (men, women); vasectomy; or a condom with spermicide (men) in combination
with barrier methods, hormonal birth control or intrauterine device (IUD) (women);
bilateral tubal ligation (women)

- Patients must have no concurrent malignancy except curatively treated basal or
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or
bladder; patients with prior malignancies must be disease-free for >= five years

- Patients must be able to swallow oral medications


- Part 1 patients must have prior histologically proven glioblastoma that is progressive
or recurrent following radiation therapy +/- chemotherapy

- Part 1 patients must be undergoing repeat surgery that is clinically indicated as
determined by their care providers

- Part 1 patients must have a tumor tissue form indicating availability of archived
tissue from initial resection at diagnosis of glioblastoma completed and signed by a

- Part 1 patients may have an unlimited number of prior therapy regimens

- Part 1 patients must have recovered from severe toxicity of prior therapy; the
following intervals from previous treatments are required to be eligible:

- 12 weeks from the completion of radiation

- 6 weeks from a nitrosourea chemotherapy or mitomycin C

- 3 weeks from a non-nitrosourea chemotherapy

- 4 weeks from any investigational (not Food and Drug Administration
[FDA]-approved) agents

- 2 weeks from administration of a non-cytotoxic, FDA-approved agent, except
bevacizumab/VEGFR inhibitors (e.g., erlotinib, hydroxychloroquine, etc.)

- 6 weeks from bevacizumab/VEGFR inhibitors


- Part 2 patients must have histologically confirmed glioblastoma or gliosarcoma

- Part 2 patients must have recovered from the immediate post-operative period

- Part 2 patients must have tumor MGMT methylation status of unmethylated; results of
routinely used methods for MGMT methylation testing (e.g. mutagenically separated
polymerase chain reaction [MSPCR] or quantitative polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) are

- Part 2 patient must show evidence of wild-type (WT) p53 status on somatic tissue
specimens as assessed by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing

- Part 2 patients must not have received prior radiation therapy, chemotherapy,
immunotherapy or therapy with biologic agent (including immunotoxins,
immunoconjugates, antisense, peptide receptor antagonists, interferons, interleukins,
tumor infiltrating lymphocytes [TIL], LAK or gene therapy), or hormonal therapy for
their brain tumor; glucocorticoid therapy is allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible

- Part 1 patients who have not recovered to < Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse
Events (CTCAE) grade 2 toxicities related to prior therapy are ineligible

- Patients with a history of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions attributed to
compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to AMG 232 (KRT 232) are
ineligible; the AMG 232 (KRT 232) investigator brochure can be referenced for more

- Patients on enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAED) are not eligible for
treatment on this protocol; patients may be on non-enzyme inducing anti-epileptic
drugs or not be taking any anti-epileptic drugs; patients previously treated with
EIAED may be enrolled if they have been off the EIAED for 10 days or more prior to the
first dose of AMG 232 (KRT 232)

- Patients may not use herbal or non-traditional medications while receiving AMG 232
(KRT 232) therapy; all herbal medicines (e.g., St. John's wort), and supplements
consumed by the subject within the 30 days prior to receiving the first dose of AMG
232 (KRT 232) should be reviewed by the principal investigator

- Drugs known to be sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic windows (such as
alfentanil, astemizole, cisapride, dihydroergotamine, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus,
or terfenadine) are not allowed; patients must be switched to alternative drugs at
least 14 days prior to receiving the first dose of AMG 232 (KRT 232); those patients
who cannot switch to alternative drugs will be excluded from the study; please note
that the list of drugs above is not an exhaustive list; refer to reliable sources such
as the FDA website (Drug development and drug interactions), or Micromedex when
evaluating potential drug-interactions

- Treatment with medications known to cause corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation
within 7 days of study day 1 is not permitted unless approved by the sponsor; use of
ondansetron is permitted for treatment of nausea and vomiting

- Patients may not be on warfarin, factor Xa inhibitors and direct thrombin inhibitors;
Note: low molecular weight heparin and prophylactic low dose warfarin are permitted;
APTT/PTT must meet the inclusion criteria; subjects taking low dose warfarin must have
their international normalized ratio (INR) followed closely

- Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing
or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris,
cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit
compliance with study requirements, are ineligible; patients with active infection
requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics within 2 weeks of study day 1 are excluded;
patients with myocardial infarction within 6 months of study day 1, symptomatic
congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III and higher),
unstable angina, or cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication are excluded

- Patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease causing the inability to take oral
medication, malabsorption syndrome, requirement for intravenous alimentation, prior
surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g.,
Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), are ineligible

- Patients with history of bleeding diathesis are ineligible

- Patients with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HepBsAg), positive hepatitis total
core antibody with negative HBsAG, or detectable hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid
(RNA) by a polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) assay are ineligible (screening is
generally done by hepatitis C antibody [HepCAb], followed by hepatitis C virus RNA by
PCR if HepCAb is positive)

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study as no studies evaluating the reproductive
toxicity of AMG 232 (KRT 232) have been conducted to date; the teratogenic potential
of AMG 232 (KRT 232) in laboratory animals, if any, is unknown; because there is an
unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to
treatment of the mother with AMG 232 (KRT 232), breastfeeding should be discontinued
if the mother is treated with AMG 232 (KRT 232) through 1 week after receiving the
last dose of study drug

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral
therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with
AMG 232 (KRT 232); in addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal
infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy

- Patients with a planned use of Novo-TTF (Optune) are ineligible