Randomized Phase II Trial to Evaluate Alisertib Alone or Combined with Fulvestrant for Women with Advanced, Endocrine-resistant Breast Cancer

Protocol # :
Estrogen Receptor Status
HER2/Neu Negative
Invasive Breast Carcinoma
Stage III Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Disease Sites
Principal Investigator
Mayer, Erica, L
Site Research Nurses
Campbell, Margaret
Caradonna, Lisa
Carrier, Amy
Cung, Connie
Kasparian, Elizabeth
Lehnus, Jaclyn
Marchetti, Kelly
O'Neil, Kelly
Rutter, Morgan
Selland, Britt

Trial Description

This phase II trial studies how well alisertib with or without fulvestrant works in treating
patients with endocrine-resistant breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body.
Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell
growth. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of
estrogen by the tumor cells or reducing the amount of estrogen made by the body. Giving
alisertib with or without fulvestrant may be better in treating patients with breast cancer.

Eligibility Requirements

Inclusion Criteria:


- Post-menopausal defined as

- Age >= 60 and amenorrhea > 12 consecutive months, OR

- Age < 60 and amenorrhea > 12 consecutive months without another cause and
documented follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level of > 35 mIU/mL, OR

- Previous bilateral oophorectomy

- Histologic proof of metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable breast cancer

- History of ER positive (+) (>= 10% of cells positive on hematoxylin and eosin stain
[H&E]), HER2 negative (-) breast cancer disease, either as a

- History of primary, operable ER+/HER2- invasive breast cancer OR

- History of de novo metastatic breast cancer that is ER+/HER2-

- Note: HER2- (negative) disease defined as one of the following:

- HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) expression of 0, 1+ and in-situ
hybridization (ISH) non-amplified

- HER2 IHC expression of 0, 1+ and ISH not done

- HER2 IHC expression of 2+ and ISH non-amplified

- IHC not done and ISH non-amplified

- Prior treatment

- No more than two prior chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting

- Prior treatment with fulvestrant in the metastatic setting is required, except
for patients with a history of ER-negative metastatic breast cancer

- Unlimited prior endocrine therapy regimens in the metastatic setting are allowed

- No prior treatment with an aurora Kinase inhibitor (either an aurora A or
pan-aurora kinase inhibitor)

- Disease that is measurable where:

- A non-nodal lesion is considered measurable if its longest diameter can be
accurately measured as >= 2.0 cm with chest x-ray, or as >= 1.0 cm with computed
tomography (CT) scan, CT component of a positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, or
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

- A malignant lymph node is considered measurable if its short axis is >= 1.5 cm
when assessed by CT scan (CT scan slice thickness recommended to be no greater
than 5 mm); Note: tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not
considered measurable disease; Note: disease that is measurable by physical
examination only is not eligible

- No history of tumors involving spinal cord or heart

- History of brain metastases as per the following criteria:

- Patients with a history of resected brain metastases are eligible only if they
are asymptomatic and have stable MRI scans for 3 consecutive months, including <
28 days prior to pre-registration

- Patients who receive stereotactic radiosurgery or whole brain radiation for brain
metastases are eligible only if they are asymptomatic and have stable MRI scans
for 3 consecutive months, including < 28 days prior to pre-registration

- Fully recovered from acute, reversible effects of prior therapy regardless of interval
since last treatment;

- EXCEPTION: neuropathies - if grade 2 neuropathies have been stable for at least 3
months since completion of prior treatment patient is eligible

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0, 1, 2

- Not receiving administration of proton pump inhibitor, H2 antagonist, or pancreatic

- Willing to limit daily alcohol intake to the following: one 12-oz glass of beer, one
6-oz glass of wine, or one 1.5-oz portion of 80-proof alcohol

- No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

- Ongoing or active infection

- Symptomatic congestive heart failure

- Unstable angina pectoris

- Uncontrolled symptomatic cardiac arrhythmia

- Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as blood pressure > 160/90)

- No history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result
in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;
requirement for supplemental oxygen

- No other active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers and in situ
cervical cancers within 5 years of registration

- NOTE: A second malignancy is not considered active if all treatment for that
malignancy is completed and the patient has been disease-free for at least 5
years prior to registration

- Ability to provide written informed consent

- Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up during the active treatment;
event monitoring following completion of therapy may occur outside the enrolling

- No history of myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to pre-registration or New York
Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe
uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute
ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities

- No prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation

- No known clinical finding or suspicion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C

- No co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the
judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this
study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of
the prescribed regimens

- Able to swallow oral medication

- No known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the
oral absorption or tolerance of alisertib; examples include, but are not limited to
partial gastrectomy, history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease

- No visceral crisis: Visceral crisis is not the mere presence of visceral metastases,
but implies severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory
studies, and rapid progression of disease

- No requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, H2 antagonist, or
pancreatic enzymes

- Willing to undergo a biopsy of a metastatic site of breast disease for central
laboratory determination of ER and correlative research purposes


- =< 28 days post pre-registration

- Central ER determination on pre-registration biopsy completed

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3

- Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement)

- Calculated creatinine clearance must be >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula

- Willing to provide blood and tissue for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:


- Any of the following therapies prior to registration:

- Chemotherapy =< 21 days

- Immunotherapy =< 21 days

- Biologic therapy =< 21 days

- Hormonal therapy =< 14 days

- Monoclonal antibodies =< 14 days

- Radiation therapy =< 14 days

- Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion =< 14 days prior to

- Systemic infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy =< 14 days prior to

- Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing
antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin,
rifapentine or St. John's wort =< 14 days prior to registration

- Receipt of corticosteroids =< 7 days prior to registration, unless patient has been
taking a continuous dose of no more than 15 mg/day of prednisone for at least 30 days
prior to registration