Pilot Surgical PK Study of BGB324 in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients

Protocol # :
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Feasibility / Pilot
Disease Sites
Brain and Nervous System
Principal Investigator
Chukwueke, Ugonma

Trial Description

This phase I trial studies how well AXL inhibitor BGB324 works in treating participants with
glioblastoma that has come back who are undergoing surgery. AXL inhibitor BGB324 may stop the
growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Eligibility Requirements

Inclusion Criteria:

- Must have histologically confirmed glioblastoma (GBM) that is progressive or recurrent
following radiation therapy +/- chemotherapy. Patients with previous low-grade glioma
who progressed after radiation therapy (RT)/chemotherapy and are biopsied and found to
have GBM/gliosarcoma (GS) are eligible

- Patients must have measurable, supratentorial contrast-enhancing progressive or
recurrent glioblastoma or gliosarcoma by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 21
days of starting treatment. Patient must be able to tolerate MRIs

- May have had treatment for no more than 2 prior relapses

- Must have a tumor tissue form indicating availability of archived tissue from initial
resection at diagnosis of GBM or GS, completed and signed by a pathologist. Sites must
agree to provide this form within 14 days after treatment start. Availability of
tissue is not a requirement for study participation

- The following intervals from previous treatments are required to be eligible:

- 12 weeks from the completion of radiation

- 6 weeks from a nitrosourea chemotherapy or mitomycin C

- 3 weeks from a non-nitrosourea chemotherapy

- 4 weeks from any investigational (not Food and Drug Administration
[FDA]-approved) agents

- 2 weeks from administration of a non-cytotoxic, FDA-approved agent, e.g.,
erlotinib, hydroxychloroquine, etc.)

- 4 weeks from prior antiangiogenesis therapy (approved or investigational) (e.g.,
bevacizumab, aflibercept, ramucirumab, cediranib, cabozantinib, etc.)

- 4 weeks from any immunotherapy intervention

- Patients must be undergoing surgery that is clinically indicated as determined by
their care providers. Patients must be eligible for surgical resection according to
the following criteria:

* Expectation that the surgeon is able to resect 0.05-0.10 cm^3 (50-100 mg) of tumor
from enhancing tumor and at least 0.05-0.10 cm^3 (50-100 mg) from non-enhancing tumor
with low risk of inducing neurological injury

- Must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care
for himself/herself with occasional help from others)

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL

- Platelets >= 100,000/uL

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

- Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal

- Creatinine =< institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60
ml/min/1.73m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

- Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)/partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5
x institutional upper limit of normal

- Must have a 12-lead electrocardiogram with a measurable corrected QT using
Fridericia's correction formula (QTcF) =< 450 msec

- Must be able to provide written informed consent

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to
study entry. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate
contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study
entry and for the duration of study participation, and through 4 months after the last
dose of study drug. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while
she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating
physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use
adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation,
and 4 months after completion of BGB324 administration

- Must have no concurrent malignancy except curatively treated basal or squamous cell
carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder. Patients
with prior malignancies must be disease-free for >= five years

- Must be able to swallow whole capsules

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible

- Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar
chemical or biologic composition to BGB324 are ineligible. The investigator brochure
can be referenced for more information

- Patients on enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAED) are not eligible for
treatment on this protocol. Patients may be on non-enzyme inducing anti-epileptic
drugs or not be taking any anti-epileptic drugs. Patients previously treated with an
EIAED may be enrolled if they have been off the EIAED for 10 days or more prior to
treatment start

- Patients with a history of bleeding diathesis are ineligible

- Patients who have not recovered to < Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
(CTCAE) grade 2 toxicities related to prior therapy are ineligible

- Patients considered at risk of QTc induced arrhythmias or uncontrolled or significant
cardiovascular disease, including, but not limited to, any of the following are

- Abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction on echocardiography (less than the
lower limit of normal for a subject of that age at the treating institution or <

- History of an ischemic cardiac event including myocardial infarction within 3
months of study entry

- Congestive cardiac failure of > grade 2 severity according to the New York Heart
Association as defined by symptomatic at less than ordinary levels of activity

- Unstable cardiac disease including unstable angina or hypertension as defined by
the need for change in medication within the last 3 months

- History or presence of bradycardia (=< 60 beats per minute [bpm]) or history of
symptomatic bradycardia, left bundle branch block, cardiac pacemaker or
significant atrial tachyarrhythmias as defined by the need for treatment

- Current treatment with any agent known to cause torsade de points which cannot be
discontinued at least two weeks prior to treatment

- Known family or personal history of long QTc syndrome or ventricular arrhythmias
including ventricular bigeminy

- Previous history of drug-induced QTc prolongation

- Screening 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with a measurable QTcF > 450 ms

- Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing
or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, clinically significant
cardiac disease, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric
illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the effects of BGB324 on a fetus
are unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in
nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with BGB324, breastfeeding should
be discontinued if the mother is treated with BGB324

- Patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are NOT excluded from this
study, but HIV-positive patients must have:

- A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) not containing
a strong inducer or inhibitor of CYP2C9

- No requirement for concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention
of opportunistic infections

- A CD4 count above 250 cells/uL and an undetectable HIV viral load on standard
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test