A double-blind, phase II randomized study of brain-directed stereotactic radiation with or without AGuIX gadolinium-based nanoparticles in the management of brain metastases at higher risk of local recurrence with radiation alone

Protocol # :
Brain Cancer
Brain Metastases
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
HER2-positive Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Whole Brain Radiation
Stereotactic Radiation
Brain Tumor
Disease Sites
Brain and Nervous System
Principal Investigator
Aizer, Ayal
Site Research Nurses
Mann, Eileen, Marie
Spicer, Beverly, A.

Trial Description

The purpose of this study is to determine whether AGuIX (Activation and Guidance of
Irradiation by X-ray) gadolinium-based nanoparticles make radiation work more effectively in
the treatment of patients with brain metastases that are more difficult to control with
stereotactic radiation alone.

Eligibility Requirements

Inclusion Criteria:

- Participants must have a biopsy proven solid malignancy and at least one intracranial
measurable lesion spanning ≥5mm in maximal unidimensional size and radiographically
consistent with or pathologically proven to be a brain metastasis AND meet one of the
following additional criteria regarding the primary site or nature of the intracranial

- Melanoma with intracranial growth consistent with tumor progression despite

- Gastrointestinal primary

- HER2 positive breast cancer (subtype assessed using most representative tissue
available in opinion of enrolling clinician and/or study PI)

- Cystic metastases

- Metastases ≥2cm in maximal unidimensional size

- Locally recurrent metastases after prior stereotactic radiation

- Locally recurrent metastases after prior whole brain radiation *Patients with
metastases from melanoma, GI primaries, or HER2+ breast cancer, as well as those
with cystic metastases or metastases ≥2cm in maximal unidimensional size, who
have local recurrences after prior brain-directed radiation can only be treated
in the strata permitting prior radiation (last two strata above)

- Age ≥18 years at diagnosis of brain metastases

- Estimated glomerular filtration rate of ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2

- Karnofsky performance status of at least 70 (i.e. at minimum, "cares for self" but
"unable to carry on normal activity or do active work")

- Estimated survival based on extracranial disease of at least 3 months in the opinion
of the enrolling clinician and/or study PI

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

- The effects of AGuIX on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women
of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study
entry and for the duration of the therapeutic component of study participation

Exclusion Criteria:

- Participants who cannot undergo a brain MRI

- Participants who cannot receive gadolinium

- Participants with widespread, definitive leptomeningeal disease

- Patients requiring radiation to either >10 targets (if naïve to whole brain radiation)
or >20 targets (if whole brain radiation has been given previously) per the discretion
of the treating clinician and/or study PI

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential deleterious
effects of gadolinium on the developing fetus. Because there is an unknown but
potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants, women who are breastfeeding are
not eligible for this study

- In cohorts who have received prior brain-directed radiation, patients are not eligible
for this study if they have active (at the time of protocol screening) brain
metastases that require radiation that are in or within 1.0cm of the brainstem, eyes,
optic nerves, or optic chiasm if the juxtaposed organ at risk (i.e. brainstem, eyes,
optic nerves, or optic chiasm) has previously received either >6.0 Gy in a single
fraction or, if prior radiation was fractionated, a cumulative dose in 2.0 Gy
equivalents, using an alpha/beta ratio of 2, of >40.0 Gy. In addition, all patients
who have had prior brain-directed radiation, regardless of
technique/dose/fractionation, are not eligible for the study until written approval is
provided by the study/site PI